Analysis of Peer-Reviewed Literature 

To understand the extent to which the peer-reviewed literature contains policy or data analyses stemming from the Violence Against Children Surveys (VACS), HEARD conducted a systematic review of published, peer-reviewed literature. VACS are featured in 51 peer-reviewed articles published between 2009 and July 2020, with 80% of those articles being secondary analyses of publicly available VACS data.  These studies are an important contribution to the growing global evidence base; over half of the studies (56.9%) were published in the last three years  (2018, 2019, 2020).  The articles use data from 12 VACS, including: Botswana, Cambodia, Haiti, Kenya, Lao PDR, Malawi, Nigeria, Swaziland, Tanzania, Uganda, Zambia, and Zimbabwe.

In addition to geographic diversity, the studies span several substantive areas, including gender, risk factors for childhood violence, the impact of violence on health outcomes and behaviors, and type of violence. Emotional and physical violence are under-represented in the literature, with only 5.8% of studies focusing on emotional violence and 3.9% of studies focusing on physical violence. Further, the VACS are unique in that they survey both boys and girls. However, boys are under-represented in the peer-reviewed literature; only 3.9% of studies focus on boys/young men.

The full analysis is forthcoming. To access many of the articles included in this review and additional VACS-related grey and peer-reviewed literature, please visit the Together for Girls Resource Bank.